Breed standards (BS) are different for each breed in game and determine how close to the breed standard your horse is. This is because, in real life, every breed has a different standard for registration. The American Quarter horse and Arabian are two breeds with different standards based on what characteristics are desired for the breed.
In Eqcetera, breed standards range from 0 to 100, but a 100 does not mean your horse is perfect! In real life, some breed characteristics are more prominent and desired, such as the dished face of the Arabian or powerful hindquarters of the American Quarter Horse. However, each breed does have a standard for every part of the body because the full-body standard is what makes a breed, a breed. Breed standard values must be discovered by players. Some may choose to share the ideal breed standard values, but this is highly discouraged by others.
Parts that receive a breed standard value in game are: Head, Shoulder, Topline, Hindquarter, Legs, and Hooves. A higher breed standard value for any of these parts means in real life, the breed is known for and typically bred for the characteristic. Going back to the Arabian, you would expect a breed standard value for the Arabian to be high for the Head since they are well known for their dished faces.
The breed standards are broken into four categories based on the BS value: Poor, Fair, Good, Excellent. An all excellent horse would be the perfect representation of that breed. The ranges are based on how far from the ideal BS value your horse is.
+/- 0 – 3
+/- 4 – 7
+/- 8 – 11
If an ideal breed standard value for the head was 50, the value of 50-53 is excellent, 54-57 good, 58-61 fair, and 62+ poor. This also works the opposite way for 47-50 excellent, 46-43 good, 42-39 fair, and <38 poor.
On horse profiles, each category is color-coded for ease of viewing. With excellence being dark green, good light green, fair yellow, and poor red. This is easily viewable at the top of a horse’s page above their image and at the bottom of the page where the values are displayed.
It is important to note that even the worst BS horses when bred together could produce excellent offspring.
Most players choose to chart their horses to find the ideal breed standard since this information is meant to be discovered. Charting also helps you determine what horses would best be suited for breeding together. Charting involves inputting BS values for your horses into an Excel or Google Drive sheet to determine the high and low values for BS ranges. Player Alfalfa has made a charting sheet for everyone to use here. Using this sheet also helps keep other information in an easy to view place such as breed, color, and gender.
Charting helps you know the low and high values for each BS range. For example from above, you have a horse that is excellent at 50 for the head, you have 3 others that are excellent that are: 53, 47, 48 and one that is good at 54. You can determine that 53 is the high value of the excellent range since 54 is good. Knowing excellent is +/- 3 you then determine the ideal head value is 50 (53-3 = 50).
Breeding for BS
Once you know ranges, breeding for BS just takes a bit of math to determine if your foal will be born with all excellent values. Foals will not have BS values shown at birth but at 2 years old. The BS calculation when breeding is:
(Mare value + stallion value/ 2) +/- 4 to 6 = Foal value
Horses that are groomed have a +/- value of 4, ungroomed is 6.
For example, you have a mare with a head value of 62 (poor) and the value of the stallion is 38 (poor).
((62 + 38) /2) +/- 6 = 44 – 56
The resulting foal head value being 44 to 56. A value of 44 to 56 would mean the foal’s head value would be rated good or excellent as compared to its parent’s poor values. However, this is not always true for poor values, let’s do the same example but a stallion’s head value of 62.
((62 + 62) /2) +/- 6 = 56 to 68
The resulting foal would range from 56 to 68 which would be good or fair for the breed standard.
Horses registered to a breed registry will have stars in their profile. The more stars a horse has, the closer to the ideal breed standard they are. This is called breed variance (BV) and helps determine horses that have the best BS. The star values are:
5 Stars 0-12 BV | 4 Stars 13-24 BV | 3 Stars 25-36 BV | 2 Stars 37-48 BV | 1 Star 49+ BV
Some horses may have purple stars. These are used to give a breed variance for horses registered in clubs.
TLDR: BS Rundown
- Each breed has its own unique breed standards, 100 may not be “excellent”.
- There are BS values for Head, Shoulder, Topline, Hindquarter, Legs, Hooves.
- BS values are secret and must be figured out by each player. Alfalfa’s sheet works well for this!
- BS values have ranges of: excellent, good, fair, and poor.
- Horses with bad BS can produce perfect foals if paired correctly.
- Foals BS is revealed at 2 years old.
- Ungroomed horses have a foal BS calculation variation of +/- 6 when breeding, +/-4 if groomed.
- Horses registered in breed registries or clubs are given stars based on their BV from perfect.